Warning: fopen(/www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/debug/php_error_log.txt): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 33 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 34 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 35 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 36 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 37 Warning: fclose() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 38 Warning: fopen(/www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/debug/php_error_log.txt): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 33 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 34 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 35 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 36 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 37 Warning: fclose() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 38 Warning: fopen(/www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/debug/php_error_log.txt): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 33 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 34 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 35 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 36 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 37 Warning: fclose() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 38 Warning: fopen(/www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/debug/php_error_log.txt): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 33 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 34 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 35 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 36 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 37 Warning: fclose() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 38 Warning: fopen(/www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/debug/php_error_log.txt): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 33 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 34 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 35 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 36 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 37 Warning: fclose() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 38 Warning: fopen(/www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/debug/php_error_log.txt): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 33 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 34 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 35 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 36 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 37 Warning: fclose() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 38 Warning: fopen(/www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/debug/php_error_log.txt): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 33 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 34 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 35 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 36 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 37 Warning: fclose() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 38 Warning: fopen(/www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/debug/php_error_log.txt): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 33 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 34 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 35 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 36 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 37 Warning: fclose() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 38 Warning: fopen(/www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/debug/php_error_log.txt): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 33 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 34 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 35 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 36 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 37 Warning: fclose() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 38 Warning: fopen(/www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/debug/php_error_log.txt): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 33 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 34 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 35 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 36 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 37 Warning: fclose() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 38 Warning: fopen(/www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/debug/php_error_log.txt): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 33 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 34 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 35 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 36 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 37 Warning: fclose() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 38 Warning: fopen(/www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/debug/php_error_log.txt): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 33 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 34 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 35 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 36 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 37 Warning: fclose() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 38 Warning: fopen(/www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/debug/php_error_log.txt): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 33 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 34 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 35 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 36 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 37 Warning: fclose() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 38 Warning: fopen(/www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/debug/php_error_log.txt): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 33 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 34 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 35 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 36 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 37 Warning: fclose() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 38 Warning: fopen(/www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/debug/php_error_log.txt): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 33 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 34 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 35 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 36 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 37 Warning: fclose() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 38 Warning: fopen(/www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/debug/php_error_log.txt): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 33 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 34 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 35 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 36 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 37 Warning: fclose() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 38 Warning: fopen(/www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/debug/php_error_log.txt): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 33 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 34 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 35 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 36 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 37 Warning: fclose() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 38 Warning: fopen(/www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/debug/php_error_log.txt): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 33 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 34 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 35 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 36 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 37 Warning: fclose() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 38 Warning: fopen(/www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/debug/php_error_log.txt): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 33 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 34 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 35 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 36 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 37 Warning: fclose() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 38 Warning: fopen(/www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/debug/php_error_log.txt): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 33 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 34 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 35 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 36 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 37 Warning: fclose() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 38 Warning: fopen(/www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/debug/php_error_log.txt): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 33 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 34 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 35 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 36 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 37 Warning: fclose() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 38 Warning: fopen(/www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/debug/php_error_log.txt): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 33 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 34 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 35 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 36 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 37 Warning: fclose() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 38 Warning: fopen(/www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/debug/php_error_log.txt): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 33 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 34 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 35 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 36 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 37 Warning: fclose() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 38 Warning: fopen(/www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/debug/php_error_log.txt): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 33 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 34 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 35 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 36 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 37 Warning: fclose() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 38 Warning: fopen(/www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/debug/php_error_log.txt): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 33 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 34 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 35 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 36 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 37 Warning: fclose() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 38 Warning: fopen(/www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/debug/php_error_log.txt): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 33 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 34 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 35 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 36 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 37 Warning: fclose() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 38 Warning: fopen(/www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/debug/php_error_log.txt): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 33 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 34 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 35 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 36 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 37 Warning: fclose() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 38 Warning: fopen(/www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/debug/php_error_log.txt): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 33 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 34 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 35 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 36 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 37 Warning: fclose() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 38 Warning: fopen(/www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/debug/php_error_log.txt): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 33 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 34 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 35 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 36 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 37 Warning: fclose() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 38 Warning: fopen(/www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/debug/php_error_log.txt): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 33 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 34 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 35 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 36 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 37 Warning: fclose() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 38 Warning: fopen(/www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/debug/php_error_log.txt): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 33 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 34 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 35 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 36 Warning: flock() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /www/glucosecare.co.uk/html/includes/functions/general.php on line 37 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TENS Machines and Tens pad

For various reasons, pain-killing medication is not always acceptable. Another option for pain relief is a Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulator (Tens Care machine). Tens Care machines deliver small electrical pulses to the body via electrodes placed on the skin. This is thought to help ease pain. The research evidence to support the use of Tens care machines is not strong, but they seem to be popular with people who have pain. How effective are Tens Care machines. Research trials that have studied the use of Tens Care machines have provided conflicting results as to how well they work, and how much pain relief they give. Some conclude that they are not effective. Others conclude that they seem to help some people. Further research is needed to clarify their role and effect.

However, Tens Care machines seem to be popular for various painful conditions. Their popularity would imply that they may well have some effect to reduce pain. However, the amount that the pain is eased is likely to vary from person to person with the same condition. How do Tens Care machines work. Transcutaneous means through the skin. Tens care machines deliver small electrical pulses to the body via electrodes placed on the skin. Tens care machines are thought to affect the way pain signals are sent to the brain. Pain signals reach the brain via nerves and the spinal cord. If pain signals can be blocked then the brain will receive fewer signals from the source of the pain. We may then feel less pain.

Tens care machines are thought to work in two ways: Can Tens care machines be used by everybody? Tens care machines tend to be mainly used to help reduce pain from problems in muscles, joints and nerves rather than abdominal, chest or head pains. Unlike a lot of medication there are virtually no side-effects when using a Tens care machine. However, people with the following must not use a Tens care machine.

How do you use a Tens care machine?

It is best to use a Tens care machine only on the advice of a doctor or other health professional. They are not suitable for all types of pain or all conditions. There are various types and brands of machine. Always follow the manufactures instructions supplied with the machine. You may also find the following general points helpful:

Tens care machines are designed so that you can move around with them working. You can tuck the machine in a pocket or clip it onto a belt.

Cautions when using a Tens care machine Do not place electrode pads on broken or damaged skin. Do not place electrode care pads over the front or side of the neck, close to eyes or in the mouth.

Tens care machine and tens .Tens care machine and tens care pad in labour pain of which five were judged to have a negative result with TENS care machine and pad no better than placebo or sham-TENS care machine . However, the three studies which were judged to be positive were positive only on weak outcomes like additional pain relieving measures and increased time to epidural local anaesthetic.

Additional analgesic interventions were significantly less likely with the use of TENS care machine [3], with a number-needed-to-treat of 14 (95%CI 7 - 119) for one woman in labour to be spared an epidural or intramuscular injection. Of the four trials which reported this outcome, only the two smaller trials (23 women receiving TENS care machine and pad) were statistically significant, while the two larger studies (208 women receiving TENS machine and tens pad) were not significantly different from placebo.

A randomised trial of 94 women in the first stage of labour published since the reviews were done [4] undermines even this possible level of benefit. It found no difference in analgesic requirement between active TENS care machine and tens care pad and disabled TENS equipment, nor any difference on pain scores. TENS care machine and tens care pad in chronic pain .The review found 20 randomised trials, of which nine were definitely positive for TENS care machine and tens pad on some measure, but eight were negative for TENS care machine.

A disappointing review limited to chronic low back pain [5] included just six papers. Two of the original studies were of electroacupuncture, which is not the same as TENS care machine. One trial had only ten patients randomised, six patients to TENS care machine and four to placebo.{ 10 words } TENS care machine and tens care pad was not significantly different from Electroacupuncture was significantly better than placebo, but in only two studies with 30 patients given electroacupuncture.

What is one to make of all this? First of all there are methodological considerations. Adequate blinding of TENS care machine and tens pad is extremely difficult, so that most trials should best be regarded as open even if described a blinded. This must confer some degree of bias towards TENS care . In the meantime, those of you who see full-page adverts in the national newspapers full of happy souls extolling the virtues of TENS care machine and tens care pad might like to refer the Advertising Standards Authority to these reviews.

Over half of us suffer from chronic pain such as back or joint pain. Whether you have one of these conditions, or just suffer from intermittent pain, you know it can stop you doing even the simplest of things. Pain Facts. 1 in 7 people in the UK suffers from chronic pain. TENS care machine stands for Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation TENS care machine is now regularly recommended by doctors, physiotherapists and pharmacists throughout the UK { 11 words} Back pain is the largest single reported cause of absence from work in the UK What if there was a safe, affordable and effective form of pain relief for a range of different complaints which you could use alongside over the counter or prescription pain relief medication? The Fore care TENS care machine delivers small, painless electrical pulses to the body via electrodes placed on the skin. This blocks the way pain signals are sent to the brain and stimulates the body to produce its own pain relieving chemicals called endorphins.

TENS care machine is a highly effective treatment for pain. It is used worldwide and recommended by sports coaches, physiotherapy departments, pain clinics, doctors and other medical practitioners. A TENS care machine unit will ease pain, and should result in a decrease of drug intake! For many the relief is dramatic. Features of the Tromed Dual Channel TENS care Machine: How does Dual Channel TENS care machine work . Dual Channel TENS care machine works by passing harmless electrical signals into the body from its pads. This relieves pain in two ways: Firstly, it blocks the bodys pain signals which are normally transmitted from the area of damage through the nerve fibres to the brain - TENS care machine interrupts these pain signals.

Secondly, TENS care machine stimulates the bodys production of endorphins - its own natural painkillers. The Dual Channel TENS care Machine comes with 2 sets of pads (4 in total) and each set can be used independently from each other. This means that each set can be positioned on different stimulation settings and at different intensities.Who will TENS care machine work for. Use the Dual Channel TENS care Machine for at least 15 minutes a day; however, you may need to wear it for longer initially to gain pain relief. { 6 words}

Numerous painful medical conditions can be eased with our Dual Channel TENS care Machine including: These Tens care pads are uniquely compatible with the Fore-care TENS care machine and have been designed especially for this unit. Fore-care TENS care machine replacement electrodes have integral leads and the Tens care pads themselves measure 48 x100mm.

For hygiene reasons, and because the pads will dry our after a year, replacement electrodes for the Fore-care TENS care machine should be purchased for each new birth. These electrodes are not suitable for general pain relief TENS care machine units, although pads for these are available. If yours is not a Fore-care TENS care machine , please see the list of Tens-Care accessories available on Amazon to purchase the most appropriate electrodes for your unit. Product Descriptio Replacement electrode pads for use with Fore-care Tens care machine devices Pack of 4 with integral leads, Tromed tens care pad, Electrode ems pads is world leading manufacturing tens care machine and tens care pad.

Hair dye color . Hair dye products, hair dye tips, hair dye color for men & women, home hair dying colours, organic hair dye color , highlights color , special effects. Hair Dye color is very common nowdays and over 75% of women have dyed color or colored hair at any one time sometimes to cover grey hair color and sometimes just for a change of look, men are also dying their hair more often now but tend to use the gradual hair dying color method where they lose a little more grey after each wash.

If you are going to have your hair dyed then we would of course recommend going to a hair salon and have it done professionally because you can’t beat the results but sometimes you just can’t afford either the time it takes or the prices they charge so we are here to give you some tips and advice on how to dye your hair, but remember what works well for one person can be a disaster for another.

Chemicals such as ammonia and peroxide can damage your hair and the effects get worse the more often you dye it plus your hair will react differently to different levels of the chemicals found in various types of products, there are three main types of hair dye on the market and the first is semi-permanent, this adds to your normal hair colour without covering it up, this is also useful for areas of grey hair where you want to just blend it into your normal colouring and it has no ammonia or peroxide, it normally washes out after around a dozen shampoos. If you want something that lasts a bit longer then try demi-permanent because this will last twice as long this also does not contain ammonia but does have some peroxide in it.

If you want a permanent change of hair colour then permanent hair dye color does what it says, it will change your hair from any colour to any colour but be very careful because this will not wash out at all, if you get it wrong the only thing you can do is either dye it again with a different colour or wait until it grows out, this product contains both peroxide and ammonia. Hair dye tips.

There are four ways to highlight your hair dye color and they are known as Foil Highlights, Hair dye color Painting, Chunking and Lowlights, with each of these methods you are only dying color parts of your hair, foil highlighting is where you wrap foil around the hair that you dont want dyed and then use a brush to apply dye to the rest, hair painting is used a lot in salons and involves using a brush or comb to paint the dye onto your hair color , chunking is where you take a large chunk of hair and dye it and last of all lowlights is as the name implies where you dye parts of your hair a darker colour than it is at the moment. Hair colours are either warm tones or cool tones, cool tones include, deep coffee brown hair color , dishwater blonde hair color , golden blonde hair color , medium ash brown hair color , medium golden brown hair color , blue-black hair color , and clear hair white. This will look best if highlighted in one of the following tones, raven blacks, cool blondes, ash browns, burgundy & bright red. Warm tones are, red hair color , strawberry blonde hair color , deep brownhair color and gray hair color . This will be best highlighted with golden blonde hair color , red color , golden brown hair color , deep chocolate hair color and orange. Hair dye color for men, best hair dye color for men, just for men hair dye, colour hair dye for men, gradual hair dye for men, shampoo. Get Blonde Hair Blonde hair color , how to get blonde hair, dye hair from brown to blonde, blonde hair dye tips, home dying blonde hair. Obviously its best to go to a salon and get your hair dyed properly but if you are determined to go blonde at home here are a few tips, the darker your hair colour the more difficult it will be to go blonde, make sure that your hair is in good condition before you try and dye it and if you have had it relaxed, permed or dyed before then leave it for a few weeks to settle down and get the chemicals out. Hair Color Hints Hair colour hints, we give you hints and tips for hair colour & home hair colour, tips for split ends & hair colour tips & hints.

So you have dyed your hair color and it now looks great but how do you keep it that way for as . You should always rinse dyed hair color with cool water and never hot water because cool water will help to close the cuticle of your hair color which is the outer layer and this will trap in the colour and if you decide to go swimming either in the pool or in the sea here is a great tip for you, rinse your hair in cool water before you go swimming this will help to stop your hair from absorbing chlorine or salt water. Hair dye color .

Human Hair color is the pigmentation of hair dye follicles due to two types of melanin, eumelanin and pheomelanin. Generally, if more melanin is present, the color of the hair is darker; if less melanin is present, the hair color is lighter. Levels of melanin can vary over time causing a persons hair color to change, and it is possible to have hair follicles of more than one color.Particular hair dye mascara colors can be associated with ethnic groups - however, due to migration and global travel, considerable variations have developed in the hair dye mascara color of individuals within an ethnic group, creating a greatly increased diversity of hair color.

Genetics and biochemistry of hair dye color, Natural hair dye colors,Brown hair dye color, Black hair dye color ,Blonde hair dye color, Auburn hair dye color , Red hair dye color, Grey and white hair dye color, Conditions affecting hair mascara dye color .

Effects of aging on hair dye mascara color, Genetics and biochemistry of hair dye color

Two types of pigment give hair its dye mascara color: eumelanin and phaeomelanin. Phaeomelanin colors hair red. Eumelanin, which has two subtypes of black or brown, determines the darkness of the hair dye color. A low concentration of brown eumelanin results in blonde hair dye , whereas a higher concentration of brown eumelanin will color the hair dye brown. High amounts of black eumelanin result in black hair dye , while low concentrations give gray hair dye . All humans have some phaeomelanin in their hair dye color . Phaeomelanin is more chemically stable than black eumelanin, but less chemically stable than brown eumelanin, so it breaks down more slowly when oxidized. This is why bleach gives darker hair dye a reddish tinge during the artificial coloring process. As the phaeomelanin continues to break down, the hair dye mascara will gradually become orange, then yellow, and finally white.

The genetics of hair dye colors are not yet firmly established. According to one theory, at least two gene pairs control human hair dye color. One gene, (brown/blonde) has a dominant brown allele and a recessive blonde allele. A person with a brown allele will have brown hair dye; a person with no brown alleles will be blonde. This explains why two brown-haired parents can produce a blonde-haired child. Natural black hair dye colors Natural hair dye color can be black, brown color , blonde color , or red color , depending on a persons ethnic origins. Hair dye color is genetically associated with certain skin tones and eye colors. Black hair mascara , Dark brown hair mascara ,Brown hair mascara Auburn hair mascara ,Red hair mascara , Blonde hair mascara ,Grey (gray) hair mascara , White hair ,Brown hair mascara .

Brown hair dye color. Brown hair dye color is the second most common hair color, the most common in Europe and some other parts of the world. It is characterized by higher levels of eumelanin and lower levels of phaeomelanin. Of the two types of eumelanin (black and brown), brown-haired people have brown eumelanin; they also usually have medium-thick strands of hair dye . Brown-haired people are also known as brunettes.Natural Black hair dye Black hair is the darkest and the most common color of human hair. It has large amounts of eumelanin and is less dense than other hair colors

Blonde hair

Blonde hair dye ranges from nearly white (platinum blonde, tow-haired) to a dark golden blonde. Strawberry blonde, a mixture of blonde and red hair only (thought to have originated in Celtic and Scandinavian countries) is a much rarer type containing the most amounts of phaeomelanin.

Blonde hair dye can have almost any proportion of phaeomelanin and eumelanin. but Auburn hair dye color Auburn hair dye color ranges from light to reddish brown color . The chemicals which cause auburn hair are eumelanin (brown) and phaeomelanin. It is most commonly found in individuals of European descent.

Red hair dye mascara color

Red hair dye color ranges from vivid strawberry shades to deep auburn and burgundy, and is the rarest fully distinct hair color on earth. It is caused by a variation in the Mc1r gene and believed to be recessive.[2] Red hair has the highest amounts of phaeomelanin and usually low levels of eumelanin, and is the rarest natural human hair color.[citation needed. Grey and white hair dye color For the Native American leader, see White Hair. For the fictional character, see White hair dye. Conditions affecting hair dye color/nEffects of aging on hair color

Children born with some hair colors may find it gradually darkens as they grow. Many

Two genes appear to be responsible for the process of graying, Bcl2 and Bcl-w. The change in hair color occurs when melanin ceases to be produced in the hair root and new hairs grow in without pigment. The stem cells at the base of hair follicles produce melanocytes, the cells that produce and store pigment in hair and skin. The death of the melanocyte stem cells causes the onset of graying. Other medical conditions affecting hair dye color Albinism is a genetic abnormality in which little pigment is found in human hair color , eyes or skin. The hair is white or pale blond. Vitiligo is a patchy loss of hair and skin color that may occur as the result of an auto-immune disease. Malnutrition is also known to cause hair to become lighter, thinner, and more brittle. Dark hair may turn reddish or blondish due to the decreased production of melanin. The condition is reversible with proper nutrition.

Artificial factors affecting hair dye color

The hair dye color of mummies or buried bodies can change. Hair contains a mixture of black-brown-yellow eumelanin and red pheomelanin. Eumelanin is less chemically stable than pheomelanin and breaks down faster when oxidized. It is for this reason that Egyptian mummies have reddish hair. The color of hair changes faster under extreme conditions. It changes more slowly under dry oxidizing conditions (such as in burials in sand or in ice) than under wet reducing conditions (such as burials in wood or plaster coffins

Hair dye coloring

A hairdresser colors a clients hair. Hair coloring Hair color can be changed by a chemical process. Semi-permanent hair dye color cannot lighten hair. Hair can only be lightened using chemical lighteners, such as bleach. Bleaching is always permanent because it removes the natural pigment.

Checking blood glucose The ACCU-CHEK active and Nano SmartView system is designed to give you confidence in the accuracy of your blood sugar results. Easy-to-handle accu-chek active go glucose test strips and a bright yellow dosing window make it easy to sample a tiny, 0.6 microliter drop. Put a accu-chek go active glucose test strip into the Glucose meter in the direction of the arrows. The accu-chek active glucose meter will beep and a flashing blood drop symbol will appear on the display. Use the lancing device to prick the side of a fingertip. Gently squeeze the fingertip to produce a small drop of blood. Touch the blood drop to the front edge of the yellow window of the accu-chek go active glucose test strip. A beep and flashing hourglass let you know when enough blood has been applied. Your result will appear in the display.

To check blood sugar from a non-fingertip site, place the gray plastic ACCU-CHEK FastClix cap on the lancing device and press until it clicks. Firmly press the clear cap against the selected site on your palm and click the release button. Continue to apply pressure to the selected site for a couple of seconds. When you have enough blood, apply it to the accu-chek go active glucose test strip. The measurement starts automatically. Talk with your healthcare professional before deciding if alternate site testing is right for you

The ACCU-CHEK Aviva Plus system is designed to give you confidence in the accuracy of your blood sugar results. Its easy, quick-fill accu-chek active test strip fills quickly at any point along the tip with only a tiny, 0.6 microliter drop. Put a accu-chek active glucose test strip into the meter and verify that the code number on the display matches the code number on the test strip container. Accu-chek active Test strip and blood drop symbols will appear on the display. Use the lancing device to prick the side of a fingertip. Gently squeeze the fingertip to produce a small drop of blood. Touch the drop of blood to the tip of the accu-chek active glucose test strip—do not apply to top of the accu-chek active test strip.

Bayers CONTOUR® XT glucose meter and CONTOUR® breeze 2 glucose test strips: the simple, easy-to-use glucose meter and breeze 2 glucose strip that delivers exceptional accuracy for results you can rely on to help you make better diabetes managment decisions. Bayer’s CONTOUR Breeze 2 test strips are compatible with Bayer’s CONTOUR XT blood glucose meter and Bayer’s CONTOUR ts NEXT breeze USB blood glucose test strips

FreeStyle Lite glucose test strips FreeStyle Lite test glucose strips now have ZipWik tabs to make your blood glucose testing experience even easier. FreeStyle Lite glucose test strips are compatible with the FreeStyle test strips and FreeStyle glucose test strips Freedom Lite FreeStyle medisense Optium glucose test strips FreeStyle Optium glucose test strips provide easy and reliable blood glucose testing. The FreeStyle Optium test strips are compatible with the FreeStyle Optium FreeStyle Optium β Ketone test strips FreeStyle Optium β Ketone glucose test strips provide type 1 patients with the extra reassurance of ketone testing. The FreeStyle medisense Optium glucose test strips are compatible with the FreeStyle Optium glucose test strips

OneTouch® Ultra® glucose Test Strips features: Fast test time - 5 seconds Tiny blood sample End-fill strip automatically draws in blood Indicator window shows when you have enough blood Touchable strip Easy-open flip top vial The OneTouch® Ultra® glucoe meters provides plasma-calibrated results to allow easy comparison with laboratory methods. Store your one touch ultra glucose test strips in their original vial only; do not transfer them to a new vial or any other container. After removing a OneTouch® Ultra® glucose Test Strip from the vial, immediately replace the vial cap and close it tightly. Use each one touch ultra glucose test strip immediately after removing it from the vial.

Reagent test strips /urinalysis test strips

A reagent urine test strip is a basic diagnostic instrument used to determine pathological changes in the urine in standard urinalysis. A standard reagent urine test strip may comprise of up to 10 different chemical pads or reagents which react (change colour) when immersed in, and then removed from, a reagent urine sample. The reagent test can be read between 60 and 120 seconds after dipping. Routine testing of the urine with multi parameter strips is the first step in the diagnosis of a wide range of diseases. Contents

Diseases Identified with a reagent Urine Test Strip .Diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract . Specific kidney & urinary tract diseases able to be identified, Carbohydrate metabolism disorders .Automated Urine Test Strip Analyzers .Diseases Identified with a reagent Urine Test Strip. Diseases of the kidneys and the urinary tract Many renal and urinary tract diseases may be asymptomatic for a long period of time. Routine urinalysis is recommended as a basic yet fundamental step in identifying renal damage and / or urinary tract disease at an early stage, especially in high risk populations such as diabetics. Uses for reagent Urine Test Strips/ urinalysis test strips Urine test strips can be used in many areas of the healthcare chain including screening for routine examinations, treatment monitoring, self-monitoring by patients and/or general preventive medicine. Urine test strips are used for screening both in hospitals and in general practice. The aim of screening is early identification of likely patients by examination of large groups of the population. The importance of screening for diabetes and kidney disease amongst high risk populations is becoming very high.

Treatment monitoring with the aid of urine test strips allows a health professional to check on the results of the prescribed therapy, and if necessary to introduce any changes into the course of therapy.

Self monitoring with reagent urine test strips under the guidance of a health professional is an effective method for monitoring the disease state. This applies particularly to diabetics , where the idea of self monitoring of the metabolic status (determinations of glucose and ketones) is self-evident. In many cultures urine was once regarded as a mystical fluid, and in some cultures it is still regarded as such to this day. Its uses have included wound healing, stimulation of the body’s defences, and examinations for diagnosing the presence of diseases. It was only towards the end of the 18th century that doctors interested in chemistry turned their attention to the scientific basis of urinalysis and to its use in practical medicine. A Reagent urine test strip or dipstick is a basic diagnostic instrument used to determine pathological changes in the urine in standard reagent urinalysis. A standard urine test strip may comprise up to 10 different chemical pads or reagents which react (change colour) when immersed in, and then removed from, a urine sample. The test can be read between 60 and 120 seconds after dipping. Routine testing of the urine with multiparameter strips is the first step in the diagnosis of a wide range of diseases. Tromed reagent test strips is accurate fast result. Tromed Reagent test strips will give you test result below up to 11 test result.

Urine testing using reagent strips is a simple, non-invasive, reliable method of finding potential signs and symptoms of a number of diseases in their early stages. Urine testing can be carried out easily in the home, GP surgery or hospital setting. Freshly voided urine has practically no smell. Urine left standing for several hours has a slight smell ofammonia. Infected urine has a ‘fishy’ smell.Ketoacidotic urine (urine with a high level of ketones present causing acid imbalance), or urine from anorexic patients, has a sweet peardrop odour.

TESTING WITH REAGENT STRIPS Manufacturers produce single test strips to test only for, for example, the presence of glucose or protein or blood .Or one strip with multiple reagent areas can be used to test for several substances. Follow the manufacturer’s instruction relating to storage and use of reagent strips. Slight differences might exist between strips from different Manufacturers. Usually, the strips must be stored in the container provided, and kept dry using the desiccant (drying agent) provided in the storage bottle. Check the expiry date on the bottle before using any strips. Urine testing further reading

Note any medications the patient is taking at the time of the test. Some preparations can alter the colour of urine, as well as reagent reactions. Beetroot may colour urine red. TESTING USING A STRIP Dip the strip into the urine. Fluid should be allowed to cover all the reagent areas on the strip. Any excess urine should be wiped off on the edge of the specimen container. Lay the strip flat, on a dry surface, to prevent urine from the reagent areas mixing together. Observe the reagent area during the recommended reaction time. Manufacturers Recommend time to reading for each type of test (eg. between 1-2 minutes for protein) and this should be followed. Changes on the reagent test area after this time may not have any diagnostic meaning. Use a watch to ensure each reading is taken accurately. Compare the colour of reagent areas on the strip with the colour chart provided on the side of the bottle to read the results, once the recommended time has elapsed. All test results should be recorded in the appropriate patient documentation at the time of testing. This is an important stage of the process because the results form an integral part of holistic patient care. Inform the nurse in charge or doctor of any abnormal results. Dispose of the urine in a toilet once testing is complete. Urinalysis is defined by the Oxford English Dictionary as the chemical analysis of urine for diagnostic purposes. Urinalysis has been around for many hundreds of years and historically began with the visual examination of urine for its colour, smell and even taste! Imagine being a physician in the 1800s and having to taste a specimen of urine in front of the patient? All Doctors must be so pleased we have moved on since then! Joking aside the branch of medicine referred to as Urinalysis is extremely complex and is constantly being developed with many hundreds of thousands of pounds being spent annually to develop the urinalysis test or URS strip that we know today. It has been developed significantly over recent year and now boasts multi parameter sticks. The urine reagent strip that we use today comes in a variety of combinations of parameter and does so to service the needs of various disciplines within the health service. They range from single parameter to eleven and even twelve parameter formats. The 10 series or URSA10 is the most popular strip that will test for the most common of reagents. URS (Urinalysis Reagent Strips) are a tool that can quickly indicate a whole variety of conditions and are often used to exclude certain conditions or indicate the possibility of others. What other 2 minute diagnostic test, costing only a few pence per time would indicate conditions from dehydration to diabetes, kidney failure to hypertension, UTI to hepatic disease? Urinalysis strips represent excellent value for money and an invaluable, reliable diagnostic tool, found in GPs surgeries, clinics, hospitals and nursing homes among many other medical establishments. Urine test strips can provide you a very quick and easy method for testing blood, nitrites, protein and leukocytes in urine and the pH levels in urine. The higher the positive results, the higher would be the possibility of a urinary tract infection. A positive result for protein indicated on the urine test strips also indicates a possibility of kidney involvement. One of the biggest advantages of using urine test strips is that all the indicators of Tromed are covered by the test. This will minimize any confusion that may be caused due to false negatives or positives. These test strips are created for use mainly by the medical care professionals but they can be used also at home for self tests. The positive results must normally be followed with a visit to the doctor and lab cultures to get accurate diagnosis. Things you should know about contact lenses Contact lenses are small lenses that are applied directly to the eye to provide vision correction. Today, they are one of the most popular ways to correct vision problems and they are contact lenses worn by an estimated 125 million people worldwide. The History of contact lenses can be an interesting topic to explore and while the technologies used to make corrective lenses today only go back around 50 years, Leonardo da Vinci was the first person to consider the idea of contact lenses in the 16th century. Why choose contact lenses? There are many reasons that people opt to wear contact lenses instead of eye glasses. This can include the fact that contacts lenses are easy to use and dont have an effect on the wearers appearance. For those who lead active lifestyles, eye glasses can be a cumbersome and sometimes dangerous option, as the contact lenses and frames can break, causing damage to the eyes. In addition, contacts lenses dont fog up in cold weather like spectacles do and they have a wider field-of-vision compared to eye glasses. If you dont want to wear spectacles, laser eye surgery is another option. But many are wary of this technology and the non-invasive nature of contact lenses can be a much more attractive solution. Contacts lenses are also a much cheaper option, as surgery can cost hundreds of pounds. What kinds of contact lenses are available? Today contacts lenses can be used to treat a wide range of vision problems, including astigmatism, and myopia. Even if you dont need your eyesight corrected, you may choose to wear contact lenses coloured or crazy color contact lenses to enhance your appearance. For many years, a person who wanted to wear contacts lenses would buy a single pair and wear it for up to a year. They would be required to spend quite a lot of time and money keeping the lenses clean. However, today most contact lenses are disposable, either monthly or daily, making them better for the health of the wearers eyes, as well as much easier to take care of. In most cases, modern contacts lenses are manufactured from a special type of soft plastic called silicone hydrogel. This material is gas permeable, meaning that it allows oxygen to travel through the plastic and to the surface of the eye. How to find out more information about contact lenses If you would like to learn more about contact lenses, it might be best to get in touch with an eye care professional. This is especially true for questions about your personal eye health. If you are looking to buy contact lenses, sabfabisco.co.uk offers a fabulous range of products to choose from, with affordable items to suit every requirement. You can also check out our contact lenses news section to find about the latest research and developments, as well other information about contact lenses.

Contact lens history is an interesting subject to learn about, especially for those who rely on these tiny but complex items. How have contact lenses changed throughout history?

Throughout the 20th century, contact lens history continued to evolve and dramatic discoveries were made that allowed the contact lenses to become more effective treatments for vision problems.